• Angkor Wat Tample

    Angkor Wat Tample

  • Sihanouk Ville Beach

    Sihanouk Ville Beach

  • Water Fail

    Water Fail

  • Royal Palace

    Royal Palace

  • Angkor Wat

    Angkor Wat

  • An Island of Sihanouk Ville

    An Island of Sihanouk Ville

  • Prasath Preah Vihear Temple, Cambodia

    Prasath Preah Vihear Temple, Cambodia

  • Prasathh Pheah Vihear Temple of Cambodia

    Prasathh Pheah Vihear Temple of Cambodia

Tours Information of Myanmar

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Tours Information of Myanmar
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About Myanmar

Location

Myanmar is situated in Southeast Asia and is bordered on the north and northeast by China; on the east and southeast by Laos and Thailand; on the south by the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal; and on the west by Bangladesh and India. It is located between latitudes 09°32'N and 28°31'N and longitudes 92°10'E and 101°11'E. The country covers an area of 677,000 square kilometers (261,228 square miles) ranging 936 kilometers (581 miles) from east to west and 2,051 kilometers (1,275 miles) from north to south. 

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Myanmar lies at the crossroads of Asia's greatest civilizations, China and India. Before 1989, Myanmar is known under different names: Suvanabhumi, Bermah, and Burma. It was well known for its ancient archaeology and rich culture. Myanmar stretches from the islands of the Andaman Sea in the south, right up into the Eastern Himalayan mountain range, giving a variety of marvellous people and enriched nature. There are seven states and seven divisions in Myanmar. The divisions are Ayeyarwady, Bago, Magway, Mandalay, Sagaing, Tanintharyi, Yangon and the states are Chin State, Kachin State, Kayin State, Kayah State, Mon State, Rakhine State, Shan State. The Independence Day is 4th January 1948. There are over 40 foreign missions all over the world, including Embassies, and Consulate Generals. The currency is Kyats. Yangon and Mandalay International Airport serve as the main airports of Myanmar. 

Geography

The total area of Myanmar is 678,500 sq km where 657,740 sq km occupies the land and 20,760 sq km occupies the water. The bordering countries are Bangladesh 193 km, China 2,185 km, India 1,463 km, Laos 235 km, and Thailand 1,800 km. The central lowlands ringed by steep, rugged highlands The lowest point is the Andaman Sea (0 m) and the highest point Hkakabo Razi (5,881 m). 

Climate

Myanmar has three main seasons, hot season, rainy season and cold season. Hot season is from March to May, rainy season is from June to October and cold season is from November to February. The tropical monsoon is usually cloudy, rainy, hot, humid summers and less cloudy, scant rainfall, mild temperatures, lower humidity during winter.

Nature Resource

Myanmar is rich in natural resources such as petroleum, timber, tin, antimony, zinc, copper, tungsten, lead, coal, some marble, limestone, precious stones, natural gas, hydropower. 

People

Myanmar is made up of 135 national races, of which the main national races are Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Chin, Bamar, Mon, Rakhine and Shan. Population is estimated to be over 60 million. The nationality is Myanmar. There are more than 100 ethnic groups in Myanmar. Some of the Ethnic groups are listed as Akha, Palaung, Padaung, Naga, Taron, Eng and many more near extinct tribes. The religions are Buddhist, Christian and Muslim. The major language is Myanmar, but minority ethnic groups have their own languages. English is widely spoken and understood. 

History

The earliest primates known today as Pondaung Man, resided in Pondaung, northern Myanmar about 40 million years ago. After those eras, many city states emerged, and then came the 3 empires. In the third century BC, Myanmar was already unified into one strong empire. The first Myanmar Empire was created by King Anawrahta of the Bagan Dynasty (1044-1077 AD). The second Myanmar Empire was created by King Bayinnaung of the Taungoo Dynasty (1551-1581 AD). The third Myanmar Empire was led by King Alaungpaya of the Konbaung Dynasty (1752-1760 AD). These three great kings were well-known in the Myanmar history for their bravery and good leadership. In 1885, King Thibaw, Queen Supaya Latt and the royal family were taken to Ratanagiri, India and Myanmar fell under the British Rule. Myanmar became a British Colony from 1885 until 1948. 

Neighbouring Countries

Myanmar has many neighbouring countries, Bangladesh is located in the West, India in the Northwest, China in the Northeast, Laos and Thailand in the East. 

General Information

The country code is +95, and the internet access code is .mm.
Time Zone = MMT (UTC + 6:30)
International airports are in Yangon and Mandalay.
The country is divided into states, divisions, townships, wards and villages.
Business Hours is usually from 9am to 5pm for private companies and 9:30 to 4:30 for government offices. Working days are from Monday through Friday. Public holidays are also included.
Major Credit cards are not widely accepted. Cash is always more convenient. National currency is Kyat.
Electricity is 200 volts AC, 50Hz.
Taxis are available everywhere. There are over 250 Buses lines running through Yangon everyday. For exclusive transport, there are car rental services.
Domestic highway bus terminals are Aung Mingalar and Dagon Ayeyar, both about 10 miles from downtown Yangon.
Common local unit of weight is peiktha (viss), which equals to 3.6 pounds.
Most common unit of measure is feet and inches.
Clothing should be light, casual cotton wear, sandals or slippers are best for summer.
A cardigan or light jerkin for winter and quick drying clothes and an umbrella during the rainy season.

Destination in Myanmar

Yangon

Shwedagon Pagoda

Yangon also known as "Rangoon" is a former capital of Myanmar and the commercial capital of Myanmar. It located at lowerMyanmar at the convergence of the Yangon and Bago Rivers about 19 miles (30 km) away from the Gulf of Martaban and Its standard time zone is UTC/GMT +6:30 hours. The sprawling city was first fortified by King Alanpaya in 1755 that marked his conquest of Lower Myanmar by changing its name from Dagon to Yangon. The British established Yangon as their capital in 1852 after they won control of Lower Myanmar. Yangon was built by many beautiful colonial buildings, wide tree-lined streets and tranquil lanes with the colonial style. Yangon city set up on 231.2 sq mi (598.75 km2) and has a population in 2010 approximately 4,348,000. The places of interest are Sule pagoda "The heart of city", Bogyoke Aung San Market also called Scott Market and China Town. The most famous landmark of Myanmar is The Shwedagon Pagoda (dated over 2,000 years old) which is visible from miles around and it is the most sacred of all Buddhist sites in the country for Buddhist people.

Mandalay

Mandalay is the second laMahamuni Pagodargest city and the capital of the last Myanmar Kingdom. Mandalay is located in the central dry zone of Burma by the Irrawaddy River and 688 km north of Yangon, 64 meters (210 feet) above sea level. Its standard time zone is UTC/GMT +6:30 hours. Mandalay is the economic hub of Upper Burma and considered the center of Burmese culture. A continuing influx of Chinese immigrants, mostly from Yunnan Province, inn the past twenty years, has reshaped the city's ethnic makeup and increased its economic dynamism. Despite Naypyidaw's recent rise, Mandalay remains Upper Burma's main commercial, educational and health center. Mandalay Hill, 230 metres in elevation, commands a magnificent view of the city and surrounding countryside. Mandalay remain Buddhist monasteries and pagoda with conservative tradition and the lifestyle of own culture. Also well know for its traditional arts and crafts, ivory, wood, marble, and stone carvings, gold and silver ware, hand woven silk and tapestry called (shwe chi htoe).

Bagan

Bagan preeminent ancieBagan Pagodant religious cities in Southeast Asia. The ruins of Bagan city cover an area of 42 sq. km embracing over 2000 ancient pagodas and temples. The enchanting city is located in the tropical zone of the country, on the eastern bank of the Irrawaddy River about 193 kilometers south east of Mandalay. Bagan shows Myanmar architectural heritages from the 11th to mid 14th centuries. For many visitors Bagan is the more extraordinary of the two cities and this because of the view. The ruins of the more than one hundred Angkor temples stand alone and isolated in thick jungles, and only from the top of the tallest temples it is not possible to see others in the distance. Sprawling across a vast dusty plain, the ruins of Bagan are unhidden. There being no trees to obstruct the view, one may gaze over forty square miles of countryside, upon literally thousands of temples.

Inle Lake

Phaung Daw Oo Pagoda

Inle Lake is one of the most beautiful lakes of South East Asia. Lush, green and fertile, remote Inle Lake is a picture of rural tranquility. As it lying 875 km above sea level at Shan State. You can reach there by flight to Heho airport. The lake is nearly 100 km north to South but only 5 km wide and there are more than 200 villages on or around it, surrounding a population of about 150,000 and most is Intha People. Sagar (Sankar) the second lake: you can observe of local rice mill factory, making bullock cart wheels. Pristine culture and traditional life-style of the ethnic groups of Pa-O and Intha inhabited around Sankar. 

Pyin Oo Lwin

National Park

May Myo (or May Town), as Pyin Oo Lwin was once called, was a retreat for the British from the searing heat of Mandalay in the hot season. It still retains much of its quaintness with lots of Edwardian-style houses despite the new buildings which are being built to house the increasing number of immigrants from other parts of the State and beyond and its lies in the cool mountains about one and a half hours' drive from Mandalay.

Kyaikhtiyoe

Kyaikhtiyoe Pagoda

The Golden Rock (Kyaik-htiyo or Kyaiktiyo) is a sacred, massive gold–leafed boulder delicately balanced on the edge of a cliff and is topped by a small stupa at the top of Mount Kyaik-hti-yo. It was built in the year 574 BC more than 2500 years ago and now well know as Miracle Golden Rock and which starting at pilgrim-village. An endless stream of pilgrims comes to admire the sight and add squares of gold leaf to its surface. The Golden Rock is a truly extraordinary natural feature. It is little wonder it is regarded with such sacred awe. According to legend, it is kept in place by a single hair of the Buddha. The views from the Golden Rock are spectacular and many visitors stay to watch the sunset.

Putao

Putao

Putao is a lonely charming town with breathtaking scene surrounded by snow-peaked mountains at the very northern part of Myanmar. It can be reached only by flight. It is cool the whole year round and there are many varieties of citrus fruits grown in the orchards. It is the nearest town to the base camp for hiking, trekking and climbing Mt. Khakhaborazi (5889 metres) through local villages with its different hill tribes. Mt. Khakhaborazi is the highest mountain in Myanmar, in Southeast Asia and it stretches up to Himalaya.

Mergui Archipelago

Mergui Archipelago

The Mergui or Myeik islands are a group of hundreds or thousands of smaller and bigger green jewels in the Andaman Sea. Considered one of Southeast Asia's most beautiful destinations, the Myeik Archipelago features more than 800 uninhabited and unspoilt islands. Located at the southernmost part of Myanmar. During 12 days traveling we only met one single other tourist boat. Some beaches do have shadflies, but their sheer beauty is simply overwhelming. With the crystal clear water, immaculate white sands and the rainforests right behind them make the perfect cliché picture for holiday dreams. When snorkeling, one often found marvelous sites, sometimes with lots of fish, sometimes with complete coral reefs in few meters depth. Doing dives, places did differ from the deserts of dynamite fishing to a breathtaking paradise around some rocks.

Pyay/ Prome

Pyay was formerly known as PromBawbawgyi Pagodae. Pyay is only 161 km north of Yangon and on the eastern bank of the Irrawaddy River on a lovely location, traveling along a well-maintained highway by car. You can see green paddy fields along the side of the highway. Pyay was also known as Thaye-khittra (Srikshetra between 4th -9th century), the ancient Pyu capital, is interesting place to visit because of their historical importance and archaeological sites such as Patagyi Pagoda, Payama Pagoda, Bawbawgyi Pagoda & Bebe Pagoda, and the ruins palace of Pyu dynasty and Mawza museum which is a small museum has a collection of artifacts collected from the excavations, including royal funerary urns, stone relieves, a couple of Bodhisattavas, a Dvrapala (great guardian), statues of the Hindu deities Tara Devi, Vishnu & Lakshmi, several 6th century Buddha images, tile fragments, terracotta votive tablets and silver coins minted in the kingdom. Other interesting places are Shwetaung and Akauk Hill.

Mawlamyine

Mawlamyine is the capital of Mon staMawlamyine Pagodate and third largest city of Myanmar which also known as Moulmein. Situated 300 km south east of Yangon and 70 km south of Thaton, at the mouth of Thanlwin (Salween) river. Mawlamyine experiences a tropical climate with a lower humidity than in most parts of South East Asia. Its temperature averages between 25.6o C during January, its coolest month to 29.4o C in April, its hottest month. The rainy season is between June and October although the greatest rainfalls usually occur in July and August. The average annual rainfall in Mawlamyine is 190 inches. The population of Mon State is 3 million and consists mainly of Mon and Myanmar. It has a main railway station which communicates with the Burmese capital in the north and Southern. The old Death railway is also a diverted route from Mawlamyine at the town of Thanbyuzayat.

Bago

Kanbawzathadi

From 80 km away from Yangon and you can reach by car in about 2 hours. Being an ancient capital of Mon Kingdom in 15th century, you can enjoy the Bago sightseeing including ancient Buddha Images. Most sightseeing is Shwethalyaung Reclining Buddha (55 metres long), Shwemawdaw Pagoda, and 28 meter high huge Buddha Image of Kyaikpun Pagoda with its four huge Buddha Images facing the cardinal points and the one interest place is Kanbawzathardi Palace.

Salay

It is a lovely town about 15 Teak Monastery in Salaykm south of Bagan, down the Ayeyarwaddy River. The Sale Yok Sone Kyaung is an all-teak Monastery with magnificent carvings featuring traditional motifs, U pone Nya Museum, exhibits antique lacquer wares, wooden relief and a large standing gilded Buddha image. Another place worth visiting is Tha-ta-na Kyaung (Keythar Monastery) where Tipitaka texts are housed in a large red lacquered cabinet.

Mingun

Mingun

After a one hour boat ride up river from Mandalay, you can reach Mingun with its ruined Mingun Pahtodawgyi, the remains of a massive unfinished Buddhist stupa begun by King Bodawpaya in 1790. The temple was not completed, due to an astrologer claiming that, once the temple was finished, the king would die. Had the stupa been completed, it would have been the largest in the world at 150 meters. Despite its ruined state, the remains are impressive, making it the largest pile of bricks in the world. King Bodawpaya also had a gigantic bell cast to go with his huge stupa. The Mingun Bell weighs 90 tons, and is today the largest ringing bell in the world. The weight of the bell in Burmese measurement, is 55,555 viss or peiktha (1 viss = 1.63 kg), handed down as a mnemonic "Min Hpyu Hman Hman Pyaw", with the consonants representing the number 5 in.

Hpa-an

Hpa-an is the capital of KMt.Zwekabinayin State. Recently removed from the restricted list of travel destinations. Possible to reach it by road from Yangon across a new Bridge (Thanlwin) over the Thanlwin River. Hpa-an is small town but busy commerce center you can see farmer coming to town in horse carts or trishaws stacked with baskets to sell in the market. The population is about 50,000 people are most of are Kayin. The tourist interested places are Bayin Nyi Naung Cave and Mt. Zawekabin.

Amarapura

U Bein Bridge

Being 7 miles (11km) south of Mandalay, just half and hour by car from downtown, is Amarapura with its beautiful temples and monasteries, once a royal also. Maha Gadayon Monastery, Bagaya Kyaung Monastery and U Bein's wooden bridge are the famous destination for travelers. 

The Beach (Sea, Sun, Sand)

Beach

Myanmar's best-known resort providing the visitor with un-spoilt white sand beaches fringed with coconut groves as far as the eye can see. It serves as the best ground for sunbathing and recreation such as beaches strolling, cycling and so on. Unlike today's beaches of Asia, it is free of noisy beachside bars, crowded people and hawkers persuading you to buy their things. There are only natural scenic beauty of the blue sea, white sand and the lovely sun. The sea is cobalt blue, without any dangerous marine animals, clean and clear with gentle waves. There are there destinations for beach, which are Ngapali Beach, Ngwe Saung and Chaung Tha Beach.

Inwa

Queen Mai Nu Brick's Monastery

Innwa (Ava) located on an island between the Irrawaddy and Myitnge Rivers. We visited Ava by horse cart (bullock cart).The ruins of a brick and stucco monastery called Maha Aungmye Bonzan (Okkyaung) is the main site.

The North

With the northern part of MHimalayasyanmar geographically sharing borders with China and India, where the world highest mountains exist and being a part of Himalayas, its hill geography results exist and being a part of Himalayas, its hill geography results in a variety of climate and vegetation ranging from rain forests and alpine forest. The highest elevations are covered with snows and rocks. Such a variety makes the northern part of Myanmar and ideal destination for ecotourism and adventure tourism. Home to exotic flora and fauna, this northern part is a nature-lover's paradise. For the adventures looking for something different off the tourist path, it is the real paradise waiting to be explored. The best time to visit northern part of Burma is from October to April. There are frequent flights from Yangon via Mandalay and Myitkyina to Putao.

Sagaing

Sagaing Hill

The hilltops, each crested with a pagoda, the banners proclaiming the Buddha's teaching, the refuge from all ills and tribulations where over 600 monasteries for monks and nuns are located for Buddhist studies and meditation. Its side by Irrawaddy River and across the Inn-wa Bridge which is British-engendered 16 span bridges that dates to 1934, as was the only structure crossing the Irrawaddy River until 1998.

Mrauk U

Mrauk U was the capital city of Mrauk U Pagoda48 kings for 355 years and was founded by King Mong Saw Mon in 1430. The city offers the visitor many chances to study the cultural and traditional heritage handed down to the present day Rakhine generation by their forefathers. Mrauk U can rightfully be claimed as the Open-air Museum of the arts and culture of the people of Rakhine. The Golden days of this city were between the 16th and 17th centuries and contemporary to the days of the Tudor Kings, the Moguls, the Ayuthaya Kings and the Ava (Inwa), Taungoo and Hanthawaddy Kings of Myanmar. The city was well-fortified with 19 mile long fortification walls, moats and natural barriers: the then war-torn Rakhine began to regard it as the Promised Land. Once, more than six million shrines and pagodas flourished and there is rarely a hilltop that does not adorn itself with one pagoda or another. After the annexation of Arakan (Rakhine) by the British, the capital was shifted to Sittwe (Akyab): since that time Mrauk-U was known by the people as Mrohaung (Old City). The name Mrohaung was given by the British when they shifted their seat of administration to Sittwe in 1826. The original name was restored in 1979. The city is just 40 miles away by river from Sittwe and the trip takes 3 to 4 hours. There are daily flights to Sittwe from Yangon which take 2 hours via Thandwe. The boat departs from a jetty in the Sattroegya, a tributary creek of the Kaladan River and on the way there are many places of interest to be seen along the river.

Mount Popa

Mt. Popa is an extinct volcano whiMount Popach 1518 meters (4981 feet) above sea level, and a day trip from Bagan, set amid lovely hill and forest scenery. The Popa Taungkalat Shrine is home to 37 Mahagiri Nats, or spirits. Statues depicting the Nats are at the base of the Shrine. From the top of Taung Kalat, one can enjoy a panoramic view of the ancient city of Bagan.

Taunggyi, Kalaw and Pindaya

Pindaya is situated at 1164-m above sea levHot Air Balloon Festivalel and is 40-km from Kalaw. Its famous for its extensive limestone caves which overlooking the Pindaya Lake and Shwe U Min Paya which is full of Buddha images of about 8000 and picturesque Boutaloke Lake. Pindaya. There are many big banyan trees lined up at the base of the Pindaya hill, Hgnatpyawtaw, a Danu village is at the end of these trees and it is most attraction of visitors.
Kalaw welcome you with cool breeze in every season. It's located 70 km west of Taungyi, about halfway along the Thazi-Taungyi road and sits at 1,300 meters elevation. There are many hiking trails amid gnarled pines and bamboo groves. Palaung Tribe Village is famous for trekking. At first a steep track leads down into a narrow valley where the Palaung cultivate cheroot, tea, damsons and mangoes on the hill.

Taunggyi is a capital of Shan State in Myanmar. You can stroll over the morning markets visit famous Kakku pagoda. Which is passing through Taunggyi (about 1.45 hour drive) hidden for 16 centuries in the wooded hills. Pa O legends say there are 7,622 pagodas almost all decorated with floral designs.

Monywa

Mohnyin Thambuddhei

Monywa, about 136 km to the west of Mandalay, a major center for trade and commerce for agricultural product from surrounding Chindwin Velly. Mohnyin Thambuddhei Paya, it dates from 1303, although it was reconstructed in 1939. It is said to contain over 500,000 images of Buddha. Giant reclining Buddha at Bodhi Tahtaung (one thousand Bo Tree) Shwezigon-Paya, Aung Setkya Paya, and Phowintaung are major places for the visitors.

Pakokku

Pakokku

Pakokku is a prosperous trading town in central Myanmar with its conservative atmosphere far from cities like Yangon or Mandalay where there are big cars and big houses but in Pakokku there big monasteries and pagodas. The Hhiho Shin pagoda not far from the river is an ancient one, but does not show its age as it has been well-preserved over the ages. There are also some beautiful monasteries built from teak wood in Pakokku.

Myitkyina

Myitkyina

Myitkyina is the capital of Kachin State where visitors can enjoy the scene of the confluence (Myitsone) of Maikha and Malikha, the source of the Ayeyarwaddy River. There are regular flights from Yangon and Mandalay to Myitkyina. In Myitkyina central market you will find a vast array of their thick cotton fabrics with designs woven in red wool or shoulder bags decorated with silver Kachin motifs.

Bhamo

Bamaw is a small town aBhamond sets prettily amid rolling hills. One can encounter colourfully dressed members of Lisu, Rawan, Kachin, Shan and Palaung national races shop in the town. Some street bazaars open at around 4 am, with flickering candles dimly showing fruits, flowers and vegetables. It is possible to take a double-decker river boat from Bhamo to Mandalay. It's an enjoyable trip, which passes through the scenic beauty of nature.

Lashio

Myitkyina is the capital of KacLashiohin State where visitors can enjoy the scene of the confluence (Myitsone) of Maikha and Malikha, the source of the Ayeyarwaddy River. There are regular flights from Yangon and Mandalay to Myitkyina. In Myitkyina central market you will find a vast array of their thick cotton fabrics with designs woven in red wool or shoulder bags decorated with silver Kachin motifs.

Kyaing Tong

Kyaing Tong is the capital Kyaing Tong Sightseeingcity of the Golden Triangle Region, a pretty place where stroll in the evening around Naung Ton Lake. Kyaik Tong has many sites to see besides the ethnic tribes in colourful dresses. It is the main gateway and strategic location between Myanmar, Thailand, China and Laos. There are many hill tribes such as Wa, Shan, Akha and Lahu that live separately in different villages around hill sites. There are regular flights from Yangon to Kyaik Tong.


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